The Songstress Queen of King Dao of ZhaoThis story gives a nice sample of both court politics in the Warring States and pretty traditional views about the dangers of marrying beautiful women. It also reflects one of the reasons the book was complied, since Liu Xiang seems to have been worried that too many Han emperors were marrying low-born women who did not understand proper family behaviour. These women needed to be either avoided or educated, and this book could help with either. We also get a sample of one of the verse summaries that one can memorize to keep the lessons of the story in mind. Much different is this story, from the section on Accomplished Rhetoricians
The Songstress Queen was a singer from Handan and the queen of King Daoxiang of Zhao. At an earlier time, she had brought disorder to an entire clan. When she became widowed, King Daoxiang was struck by her beauty and married her. Li Mu remonstrated with him, saying, "This won't do. A woman's impropriety is the means by which state and family are turned upside down and made unstable. This woman has brought disorder to her clan. Shouldn't Your Majesty be alarmed ?"- The king said, "Whether there is disorder or not depends on how I govern." He then proceeded to marry her.
Earlier, King Daoxiang's queen had given birth to a son named Jia who became heir apparent. After the Songstress Queen entered the court at the rank of consort, she gave birth to a son named Qian. The Songstress Queen then became a great favorite of the king and secretly slandered the queen and the heir apparent to the king. She [also] arranged for someone to offend the heir apparent and thus provoke him into committing a crime. The king thereupon dismissed Jia and set up Qian [in his place], and deposed the queen and established the songstress as queen. When King Daoxiang died, Qian was enthroned as King Youmin.
The Songstress Queen was dissolute and immoral. She developed an illicit connection with the Lord of Chunping and frequently received bribes from Qin. She made the king execute his great general, the Lord of Wuan, Li Mu. Afterward, when Qin troops marched in, no one could stop them. Qian was then taken prisoner by Qin, and Zhao was destroyed. The grandees, resentful that th eSongstress Queen had slandered the heir apparent and killed Li Mu had her killed and exterminated her family. Together they enthroned Jia at Dai. After seven years they could not defeat Qin. Zhao was then annihilated and became a commandery [of Qin].
The Odes says, "If a man have not dignity of demeanor /What should he do but die. These words apply well to her.
The Verse Summary says,
The Songstress Queen of King Daoxiang of Zhao
Was insatiably covetous.
She destroyed the true queen and heir,
Working her deceit with guile.
She was debauched with Lord Chunping,
And ruthlessly pursued what she desired.
She received bribes, ravaged Zhao,
And died in the kingdom she destroyed
The Wife of the Bow Maker of JinSo we have another commoner woman, but this one is an expert on bows, archery, rare materials and persuading rulers. She also has the courage to tell the Duke he is lousy at one of the Six Arts (Archery) and is eloquent enough to both get away with it and improve him. Even men could take her as an example! As a result this is a really useful book to use when teaching about Chinese women. Students come in with a lot of ideas about women in traditional China being powerless and oppressed. That's not wrong, but getting them to go beyond that is often pretty hard. These stories mostly deal with female agency, but always in a family or dynastic context, so we are getting neither Passive Lady Plum Blossom nor Disney's Mulan. It is also a good book for Early China. It's always had to find something to do for the early part of a China class, given that a lot of the secondary stuff is pretty technical and the translated primary sources tend to be philosophical texts that are hard for undergrads to deal with. This seems just about perfect. Of course, even if you are not going to teach with it, you could still read it. Its a good book.
The bow maker's wife was the daughter of an armor craftsman of Jin. In the time of Duke Ping, the duke ordered her husband to make a bow. After three years it was finished. When the duke drew the bow and shot, the arrow did not pierce even one layer of armor. The duke was angry and was about to execute the bow maker.
The bow maker's wife thereupon begged for an audience, saying, "I am the daughter of an armor craftsman and the wife of the bow maker. I would like to be granted an audience." When Duke Ping met with her she said, "Have you heard of Gong Liu's conduct in former times ? Whenever the sheep and oxen trampled their rushes and reeds, he felt great pity for the common people, and his concern even extended to plants and trees. Would he have countenanced the killing of an innocent person? Duke Mu of Qin encountered bandits who ate the meat of his fine steed, but he gave them wine to drink. When an officer of King Zhuang of Chu tugged at his consort's robe, she tore off his hat tassel. But the king later drank with him quite happily. As for these three rulers, their benevolence became known to the entire world. Eventually each one was requited [for their kindness], and their names have been passed down to present times.
"Formerly, Yao did not trim the thatch of his roof or carve its mottled beams. He had earthen steps of only three levels.Even so, he felt that his workmen had toiled hard and that he was living in great comfort. Now, when my husband made this bow, his efforts were also laborious. The bow's shaft came from wood grown on the slopes of Mount Tai, and each day he would examine it three times in both the sunlight and the shade. It is decorated with the horn of oxen from Yan, bound with the tendons of deer from Jing, and glued together with adhesive derived from Yellow River fish. Since these four things are among the most select and extraordinary materials in the world, your inability to pierce even one layer of armor must be due to your inability to shoot. Yet you want to kill my husband. Isn't this mistaken?
"I have heard that in the Way of Archery, one's left hand should be held as firm as a rock, while the right hand should be held like a diagonal support beam. When the right hand releases the arrow, the left hand should not be aware of it. This is the Way of Archery."
When Duke Ping did what she said and shot, the arrow pierced seven layers of armor. The woman's husband was immediately set free and given three yi in cash. A man of discernment would say, "The bow maker's wife was able to offer assistance in difficulty." The Odes says, "The ornamented bows are strong;' and "They discharge the arrows and all hit."This phrase describes the methods of archery.
The Verse Summary says,
Duke Ping Jin commissioned a bow,
Which took three years to complete.
But he became angry with the bow maker
And was on the verge of punishing him.
The wife went and spoke tothe duke,
And explained what materials were used in the bow.
She set forth the labor and difficulty involved,
And the duke thereupon released him.
I have been reading China's Museums Buy Retin-A Without Prescription, , part of the Cambridge University Press series Introductions to Chinese Culture. I am finding the table of contents particularly interesting, Retin-A steet value, Retin-A duration, ((Why, yes, kjøpe Retin-A på nett, köpa Retin-A online, Comprar en línea Retin-A, comprar Retin-A baratos, I am a load of fun at parties. Why do you ask?)) as it reflects on how you categorize things, no prescription Retin-A online. Retin-A dosage, The authors, Li Xianyao and Luo Zhewen, online buying Retin-A, My Retin-A experience, are both major figures in the museum world, so the book gives you a reasonably up-to date ((This seems to be the same book that was published in 2004 by China Intercontinental Press, order Retin-A online overnight delivery no prescription, Retin-A wiki, so I'm not sure when the text was written)) official view of China's 5,000 years of history and what matters in it, online buy Retin-A without a prescription. Retin-A without prescription, It is interesting to try and figure out why things were included in what category and why they are there at all. The first category is Chinese Treasures, which starts with the Palace Museum in Beijing, but follows that with the Palace Museum in Taipei (and they call it Taipei) as well as the Shaanxi History Museum, (birthplace of Chinese culture), Buy Retin-A Without Prescription. The Shanghai Museum is included because of "The scope, Retin-A mg, Retin-A blogs, depth and quality of its collection, and its striking architecture and use of modern technology" I'm guessing that Liaoning Provincial ((Which I have not been to)) is included because of the Qing stuff they have, Retin-A brand name. Retin-A dose, Something good on China's last Emperors, and thus emperors in general, Retin-A street price, Where can i cheapest Retin-A online, is worth including. Three Gorges in Chongqing has a "glass dome [that] resembles a huge magnifying glass, Retin-A australia, uk, us, usa, Is Retin-A safe, reminding us to pass on the inheritance we have received from our forebears to the next generation, to use culture to nourish the earth." So I am guessing that some combination of quality of your collection, Retin-A description, Retin-A forum, excellence of your presentation, and importance of what you do in the narrative of Chinese history will get your museum in this book, Retin-A dose. Purchase Retin-A online, The second section, is, comprar en línea Retin-A, comprar Retin-A baratos, Buy Retin-A online cod, of course, The Contribution of China's Ethnic Minorities, buy cheap Retin-A no rx. Buy Retin-A Without Prescription, Eventually we get to Huaxia civilization, and these two reflect the problems of defining China. About Retin-A, This is particularly acute for museums, since it is easier for them to slip into Han chauvinism, buy no prescription Retin-A online. Buy Retin-A no prescription, If all of China's 56 nationalities are part of the great tapestry of Chinese civilization, then why is almost everything in the book Han, Retin-A cost, Retin-A without prescription, other than a single section on minorities.
They get around this a bit, Retin-A recreational, Order Retin-A no prescription, with their definition of Huaxia 華夏, a sort of cosmic Han category that includes everything, Retin-A photos. Purchase Retin-A online no prescription,
The term huaxia, however, Retin-A price, Retin-A blogs, is broader in meaning that "China" It indicates more of a cultural space than a geographic designation, and also implies a historical lineage, where can i order Retin-A without prescription. Xia is the name of the first-known dynasty of what later came to be "China." dating to some three millennia ago. The term hua includes both overseas Chinese as well as non-ethnic Chinese under the overarching umbrella of what today is known as China, Buy Retin-A Without Prescription. Online buying Retin-A, Cultural aspects of huaxia, such as silk, tea, ceramics and Chinese medicine, have all made great contributions to mankind.
Some of the rest of the book is trying to categorize the stuff you are stuck with. Not many other countries would have a category on Treasures of China's Grottoes, but when you have Dunhuang and Yungang and Longmen in your cultural past you probably should. Should we include archeological sites. Well, if we don't Peking Man and Banpo will be left out, so I would guess we should. Buy Retin-A Without Prescription, One thing I noticed was that there is very little modern history here. Once upon a time Chinese history was revolutionary history, the story of how the Chinese people rose up and destroyed the old feudal society. There is very little of that story here. No sites associated with Sun Yat-sen or even Mao Zedong, and little reference to the modern period at all. ((Zigong Salt Industry Museum does manage to slip into Natural History.)) You can see this most clearly in the discussion of the National Museum of China ((There is a great dissertation in how the China Revolutionary Museum and the China History Museum merged to form this.)) The Museum has an area of 192,000 square meters, but only 2,000 square meters are dedicated to the Road to Resurgence and China's modern history.
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China File has been following the attempts of the town of Bishan to make itself into a tourist destination Zithromax For Sale, . Tourism is a rapidly growing industry in China, fast shipping Zithromax, Zithromax mg, and lots of localities are trying to find ways to draw in the crowds. Bishan is in the Huizhou region of Anhui, what is Zithromax, Buying Zithromax online over the counter, which was a very prosperous region in the Qing. Some of the other towns in the area have parlayed their local architecture into UNESCO World Heritage site status and big tourist money, Zithromax over the counter. Buy cheap Zithromax, In fact, beyond just tourists coming in, Zithromax interactions, Buy Zithromax without prescription, Huizhou architecture is being appropriated by shipped out, both by cultural institutions with impeccable pedigrees like the Peabody Essex Museum and by tacky zillionaires like Jackie Chan, where can i cheapest Zithromax online. Bishan is a little different, Zithromax For Sale. Where can i buy Zithromax online, They don't have much of the classic Huizhou architecture, and have been sort of left behind. The attempt to draw in people is headed by the Wangs, Zithromax maximum dosage, Is Zithromax addictive, the long-time leading family of the district. While private museums and preservation efforts are not unknown in China the state usually takes the lead, australia, uk, us, usa, Zithromax alternatives, and the interpretation of the site, if any, purchase Zithromax for sale, Buy Zithromax online no prescription, is usually up to them. For the Wangs, rebuilding ancestral halls and re-creating genealogies has its own value outside cash, doses Zithromax work, Herbal Zithromax, so this is a very local, grass-roots sort of project, where can i buy cheapest Zithromax online. Discount Zithromax, The thing that makes it really interesting to me is the clientele they are aiming at. Below is a picture of one the inns that have been built in the town (this one in an old rapeseed oil factory) to "cater to an international clientele who eschew the region's more popular modes of tourism"
I find this interesting because I am always struck by the different versions of China different tourists get to see, Zithromax used for. Zithromax For Sale, I'm usually particularly aware of this since I prefer going on the Chinese tours since they are cheaper and are more likely to include places connected with bits of Chinese history most foreigners have never heard of. Zithromax price, coupon, Chinese tourists are also more likely to ask interesting questions like "what happened to all the villagers who lived here before you built this historic site?"((See that guy emptying a trash can. That's where.)) Of course they also spit melon seeds everywhere, Zithromax from canadian pharmacy, Zithromax pharmacy, so you can see why foreigners would not want to be near them.
It's pretty obvious from the photo essay that China is starting to develop different tourist trails for different customers, Zithromax for sale, Real brand Zithromax online, and they will go to different places, be told different things, Zithromax steet value, Rx free Zithromax, read different things and see different things even when they are seeing the same things. In the picture there is some beautiful old Chinese writing which might be taken differently by Chinese and foreigners, ordering Zithromax online, Buy Zithromax from mexico, since if you don't know Chinese and nobody bothers to explain it you might think these are imperial inscriptions or something. ((the top one is THE PEOPLE'S COMMUNES ARE GOOD))
It's not just foreigners who want a different tourist experience of course, Zithromax For Sale. Rich and poor Chinese are bifurcating more and more, Zithromax canada, mexico, india. Low dose Zithromax, Here is a picture I took while visiting the historic town of Pingyao Ok, Chinese people selling vegetables in the street, Zithromax pictures. My Zithromax experience, Big deal. Why would a middle-aged China hand like me waste film on that, Zithromax from mexico.
Zithromax For Sale, Ok, a customer on a bike. Zithromax reviews, I really did not get enough pictures of daily life in bicycle China back in the day, maybe I wanted to capture that, Zithromax natural. Zithromax from canada, Nope, I needed pictures to go with this
A Chinese person ((maybe from Hong Kong or something, Zithromax description, Online buying Zithromax hcl, I didn't ask. There were a bunch of them)) taking pictures of people selling and buying vegetables. That's worth a picture. Maybe he will be off to Bishan after this.
The Bishan stuff at China File is an interesting on-going project, and you should check it out.
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Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, I did a class that focused on the Boxers last semester, and one of the things I talked about was Gene Luen Yang's Boxers and Saints.
This is a two volume graphic novel that looks at the Boxer event. Order Zithromax online overnight delivery no prescription, How good is it. Well he has done his research, taking Zithromax. After Zithromax, Cohen's History in Three Keys was our main text and it is in Yang's bibliography, as is Esherick's Origins of the Boxer Uprising, buy generic Zithromax. Where to buy Zithromax, It shows in the text. If you want to show your students pictures of Chinese peasants being flooded out of their homes
Or foreign missionaries being obnoxious
this is your book, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. The main focus of Boxers is Bao, order Zithromax from United States pharmacy, Order Zithromax from mexican pharmacy, who grows from a random peasant boy to a redresser of wrongs who will save China and maybe even get the girl.
Visually I am not sure Yang's style works as well as it could with the subject matter, Zithromax schedule. Zithromax no rx, Early on Bao discovers that his dad is in fact a gongfu hero.
Who apparently studied under Adam West, Zithromax use. Yang has a fairly limited Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, style which does not lend itself to the martial arts, especially given what a lot of other people have done with them in Manga. Online buy Zithromax without a prescription, Yang actually seems more influenced by American animation traditions. ((which is fine, Zithromax duration, Zithromax dangers, of course)) He has two scenes where a gongfu master announces the beginning of the lesson by tossing weapons at the students,
A lot of the themes are pretty American as well, purchase Zithromax. Zithromax dosage, Much of first volume deals with Bao's growing relationship with Mei, a local girl who will eventually becomes the Action Girl leader of the Red Lanterns, Zithromax wiki.
The romance story is hard to square with the Boxers and their misogyny, and Yang is aware of this, but he does not help himself with things like this rom-com montage sequence, were Bao and Mei amuse themselves like American tourists by eating at stalls and wearing peasant hats, just like Chinese people. His style does work well for some things, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. Zithromax online cod, Possession rituals were an important part of Boxer magic, and Yang has done his homework, buy Zithromax from canada. Zithromax coupon, Here is the ritual
And here is a possession.
Bao himself is possessed by Qin Shihuang, Zithromax overnight, Zithromax images, who is not an opera character but can lecture Bao on the importance of saving the China he created.
These possessions are important to Yang since the attraction of the story for him is that the Boxers are like American geeks, Zithromax class, Zithromax trusted pharmacy reviews, living through their superheros. From Yang's website
Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, So where did these poor teenagers look for power. Like modern-day geeks, kjøpe Zithromax på nett, köpa Zithromax online, Buy Zithromax without a prescription, they turned to pop culture. They went to fairs and watched traveling acting troupes perform Chinese opera, Zithromax without a prescription. Zithromax brand name, Chinese opera told epic tales of colorfully-costumed heroes who fought evil with superpowers and magical weapons. The heroes of the Chinese opera were not unlike the heroes of modern American comic books, order Zithromax online c.o.d, Zithromax samples, only instead of capes, flags flapped at their backs, is Zithromax safe.
Like modern-day cosplayers, the teenagers wanted to embody their heroes, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. Zithromax no prescription, They came up with a mystical ritual that would call the heroes of the opera – the gods of the opera, really – down from the heavens, cheap Zithromax no rx. Zithromax pics, The teenagers would be possessed by the gods and take on their superpowers. Then armed with these superpowers, online Zithromax without a prescription, Zithromax street price, they marched through their homeland and into the major cities, battling foreigners.
So the Brothers of the Peach Orchard become the Avengers, cheap Zithromax. Zithromax gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, From Yang's site, some superheros as Chinese opera characters, Zithromax long term.
Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, The middle one is The Hulk. I'm pretty sure that Chinese opera already has a Hulk, and his name is Li Kui,
But you get the idea.
One of the major themes of Boxers is the growing relationship between Bao and Mei and how Bao's commitment to violence splits him off from Mei's commitment to culture. Yang does not to make the story too bloody, perhaps in part because his style is not really up to it.
We do get battles
and Prince Gong drinking tea as Beijing burns
but actual violence tends to take place off-stage.
Mei tries to draw Bao towards the saving grace of China's 5,000 years of culture, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription.
But in the end they split over the issue of burning the Hanlin Academy library to get at the foreigners. Like with modern Americans, book burning is about as bad a thing as you can do.
The real emotional heart of the story comes in Saints.
Here we see some of the scenes from the previous book from a different angle
the center of Saints is Vibena and her conversion to Christianity (( Yang does not see Christianity as a Chinese religion, so she is also renouncing her Chinese-ness )) , which is encouraged by her visions of Joan of Arc.
And picks a person addicted to foreign ((actually almost certainly Chinese opium by this point.)) opium to lead Vibena to the faith, showing a darker side of the foreigners.
In the end, Bao's gods can't save him
and Vibena's can, even after she has died. Yang is a Catholic and her conversion and martyrdom story is one that appeals to him.
A brave man dies only once, but a superhero can die as many times as is convenient for the plot, and Bao is also saved by one of his Sworn Brothers.
Of these themes I think only comradeship is one that would have made much sense to the actual Boxers, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription.
So, what did I think about teaching with this book. I don't think I would use it in a Chinese history class, as it is too much of Yang reading Chinese history for his own purposes. I spend far too much time already trying to encourage students to figure out how Chinese might view their own history rather than asking what Americans can get out of it. This, however, was a course on historical method, using the Boxers as an event that lots of different people have looked at in different ways, and for that it worked pretty well.
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I have been reading Patricia Ebrey's new book on the Song emperor Huizong. For those of you who don't know him he known for being the most artistically accomplished of the Chinese emperors and for loosing his empire to the Jin. These things make him a good subject for a book, as a lot was written and preserved about him, Plavix without a prescription. The book itself is one of the most intimate portraits of a Chinese emperor in English, and there is a lot of good stuff in here on the Song government, Order Plavix no prescription, Huizong's actions and artistic production and other interesting topics. I am mostly going to talk about the fall of the Song and its aftermath. The defeat and exile sections are among the most detailed in the book, no doubt because the theme of an exiled emperor was attractive to later writers and compilers of sources
You can get some tips on how to conduct a siege, Buy Plavix Without Prescription. When the first Jurchen army approached Kaifeng they decided not to enter the city, but to demand ransom, Plavix photos.
...the capital was thrown into an uproar trying to raise the truly huge sum of gold and silver, equal to 180 times the annual payments that Song had been paying to Liao. Plavix from mexico, The government treasuries had large quantities of copper cash, bur the Jurchen wanted gold and silver, in much shorter supply. Everyone who had received gifts of gold or silver from the throne, cheap Plavix no rx, including all the princes, Daoist officials, Plavix duration, court musicians and artists, and so on, were to turn it over at the Yuanfeng Treasury. Buy Plavix Without Prescription, All palaces and imperially sponsored temples, as well as the Kaifeng prefectural offices were to turn over any gold and silver they had to the main treasury. Huge sums were confiscated from Wang Fu's house- more than seven thousand bolts of cloth and ten million strings of cash- but a third of that was looted by people who forced their way in during the inventory, about Plavix. By 1126/1/20, the besieged Song court sent to the Jin camp more than three hundred thousand ounces of gold and twelve million ounces of silver. Kjøpe Plavix på nett, köpa Plavix online, When that still was not enough, the government ordered any families owning gold or silver to turn it in to one of several collecting points. They would be compensated later at the rate of 20 strings of cash for each ounce of gold and 1.5 strings for each ounce of silver. Informing on those who concealed their gold or silver was rewarded at a rate of two-tenths of the concealed gold and one-tenth of the concealed silver, Buy Plavix Without Prescription. On 1/26, Plavix samples, the court sent the equivalent of another five hundred ounces of gold and eight million ounces of silver, with much of it made up of jewelry and utensils collected from the populace. Buy generic Plavix, There was reason to rush; on 1/27 it was reported that the Jurchen were excavating the tombs of imperial consorts, princes, and princesses. (p.438)
I like the image of imperial largess flowing back to the palace, purchase Plavix online no prescription, starting first with the elite and then spreading outward. You can see the beginnings of panic in the city as a third of the wealth from Wang Fu's house is taken by the mob. Buy Plavix Without Prescription, Most interestingly, the Jurchen seem to have read their Foucault. Buy Plavix online no prescription, Rather than entering the city and searching for movable wealth, why not have the court and the populace discipline themselves and root it out. They can even change the copper cash in the treasury for silver and gold. Although the Jurchen army left the first time the Song court was too riven by factionalism to either make peace or make war and by the end of the year another army was demanding even more gold and silver, australia, uk, us, usa, far more than the court could come up with.
Jin officials entered Kaifeng and opened the Song government storehouses, Buy Plavix without prescription, which were found to have even more bolts of plain silk than demanded, but only a tiny fraction of the gold and silver. Song officials were assigned responsibilities for searching specific quadrants of the city and confiscating all gold and silver, Buy Plavix Without Prescription. Every few days, the Jurchens demanded something else for the Song government to deliver to them, where can i buy Plavix online. For instance, on 12/5 Jin demanded ten thousand horses. Get Plavix, Ranking officials were allowed to keep one horse, but all others were seized, over seven thousand all together The next day, 12/6, order Plavix from mexican pharmacy, Jin demanded weapons, many of which people had taken after soldiers abandoned them. Buy cheap Plavix no rx, Qinzong issued an order that all weapons in Kaifeng, both government and private, be turned over to the Jin authorities. Buy Plavix Without Prescription, A few days later, on 12/10, all the money in the storehouses was distributed to the Jin soldiers as their rewards. On 12/13 a call was issued for twenty painters, buy cheap Plavix, fifty wine-makers, and three thousand bottles of wine. Plavix schedule, Ten days later Jin demanded a long list of books and documents by name, including Sima Guang' s Comprehensive Mirror and calligraphy by Su Shi and Huang Tingjian. In some cases, the Kaifeng prefectual authorities had to buy the works from bookshops to fulfil the orders, where can i buy cheapest Plavix online. A few days after that, the books from the Directorate of Education were taken (though as an insult, What is Plavix, ones by Wang Anshi were discarded). As the scholars in Jin employ discovered that they were missing a title, they added it to their requisition lists, Buy Plavix Without Prescription. Just before the Lantern Festival, Jin demanded all the lanterns usually used not only by the palace, but also by temples and shops, my Plavix experience, then held their own ceremony outside the walls of the city. Not long afterward, Is Plavix addictive, they demanded the full set of procession paraphernalia, then took such objects as the Nine Cauldrons, the bells and other instruments used for the Music of Great Brilliance, consorts' headgear, doses Plavix work, the blocks for printing books, including those for the Buddhist and Daoist canons, Buy no prescription Plavix online, and maps, diagrams, and pictures of all sorts. From time to time, online buying Plavix hcl, the Jurchen commander requisitioned specific craftsmen or specialists, such as physicians, Comprar en línea Plavix, comprar Plavix baratos, musicians,astronomers, weapons makers, masons, japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, gardeners, jade carvers, Plavix dose, clerks, painters, storytellers, professors, generic Plavix, Buddhist monks, and so on. Plavix description, Lists of objects taken from the palace are often staggering: 25,000 ancient bronze vessels, 1,000 ox carts, Plavix australia, uk, us, usa, 1,000 parasols, Plavix used for, 28,700 pills from the imperial pharmacy, 1,000, Plavix mg,000 jin of silk thread, 1, Buy Plavix online cod, 800 bolts of a certain type of silk made in Hebei.
Here you can see the definition of movable wealth expanding (and common Jurchen soldiers getting something.) but even more, the Jurchen are starting to demand symbols of Imperial authority, most notably the Nine Cauldrons, but also all the other things (and people) you needed to be ruler and could carry away, Plavix use. Buy Plavix Without Prescription, They even demonstrated their taste by tossing out the books of Wang Anshi. I love the idea of professors as booty, along with gold, Low dose Plavix, parasols, and bells.
As the situation slipped out of the control of the Song court things got worse and worse for the people of the city.
Although the city had fallen, Plavix dosage, the Jurchen forces kept the gates closed, enforcing, Plavix canada, mexico, india, in a sense, a reverse siege to keep up the pressure on the city until all its demands were met. Food and firewood, therefore, were in very short supply. On 12/21 the court allowed government office buildings to be demolished for firewood; the next day, after a snow fall aggravated the situation, approval was given for people to enter Northeast Marchmount Park to chop down the rare trees planted there, Buy Plavix Without Prescription. A few days later, with another snowfall, people were also allowed to break up the hundred-odd buildings in the garden for fuel. So many rushed there that people were trampled to death.
There were lots of other bad things happening in the city, but it is not surprising that the sources would focus on the park. There is almost a checklist of things a bad last emperor is supposed to do, and waste money is one of them (frugality is always good, especially in emperors.) and one of the canonical ways to waste money is by building parks and palaces. The Northeast Marchmount Park was one of Huizong's greatest achievements, a magnificent paradise that demonstrated his equivalence to the great rulers of antiquity. Buy Plavix Without Prescription, They too had built parks filled with animals and plants from all over their domain. Huizong was criticized for the expense of this park, and the costs it imposed on the people, and it is not surprising that cutting down its trees and burning its buildings would seem a fitting symbol of the end of his reign.
Huizong himself was a form of moveable wealth. The Jurchen eventually took him and his son and successor Qinzhong north, and both of them eventually ended up in Northern Manchuria. Huizong was of some use to the Jin, being required, for instance, to pay homage to the Jin ancestors, provide samples of his calligraphy and to convince Song holdouts in the north to surrender. They were pretty much the only male members of the family who were of much use, and many of others died on the march north, Buy Plavix Without Prescription.
The female members of his family and the various palace women were also a form of movable wealth, but all of them were of use. When the first large group of these women was brought to the Jurchen camp they were required to dress in entertainers clothes and serve the Jurchen generals at a banquet. Soon after it was announced that those women to be given to Jurchen soldiers were to start wearing their hair in the Jurchen fashion and let doctors abort their fetuses if they were pregnant. While most of the would eventually be distributed to Jurchen men or become palace slaves far in the north many died on the march due to harsh conditions, suicide, or died resisting rape. Buy Plavix Without Prescription, Other captives were traded off to the Tanguts, Mongols and Tartars at a ratio of 10 slaves to one horse.
While Huizong's captivity was certainly not the lifestyle to which he had become accustomed he did live reasonably well and even had another 14 children with his remaining concubines. He continued to write poetry, and for the first time began studying the Spring and Autumn Annals for advice on how to be a good emperor. A sound idea of course, but too late.
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