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Filed under: — Alan Baumler @ 7:32 pm

Did you know that this is the 20th anniversary of the International Dunhuang Project Accutane For Sale, . Accutane for sale, Neither did I. They grow up so quick these international scholarly projects, discount Accutane. Is Accutane safe, In honor of the occasion they are posting a lot of things from their collection

They will also let you Sponsor A Sutra. Just as patrons used to get their name attached to a sutra they had copied, buy no prescription Accutane online, Accutane interactions, you can have your name (or your organization's name) attached to the digitization of a sutra. They don't seem to have anything available in my price range right now, but I am definitely going to get some, Accutane For Sale. I think it would make a great Chanukah gift as well, kjøpe Accutane på nett, köpa Accutane online. Purchase Accutane, What interested me most was that they have beefed up their educational section since last time I was there and there is some great stuff. Two that I noted from the Cultural Dialogue on the Silk Road page were

a collection of mudras


Which is neat if you want to talk about the mass production of Buddhist art and the physical dissemination of religion, buy Accutane online no prescription. Order Accutane no prescription, These look to me a lot like models for someone doing Buddhist paintings or sculptures.

letter Accutane For Sale, Along the same lines we have a model letter to apologize for getting drunk. As the site points out things like books of model letters or etiquette books really only make sense in a time or place of rapid social change or intercultural contact, purchase Accutane online no prescription. Purchase Accutane for sale, Otherwise why bother to write down how to behave in a book. For more advanced students this will also help to show how weird Dunhuang Chinese was, Accutane price, coupon. Accutane alternatives, Here is the text, for any of our readers who may need it, buy cheap Accutane.

Yesterday, having drunk too much, I was so intoxicated as to pass all bounds; but none of the rude and course language I used was uttered in a conscious state, Accutane For Sale. Accutane from canada, The next morning, after hearing others speak on the subject, where can i buy cheapest Accutane online, Order Accutane from United States pharmacy, I realized what had happened, whereupon I was overwhelmed with confusion and ready to sink into the earth with shame, australia, uk, us, usa. Accutane pharmacy, It was due to a vessel of small capacity being filled for the nonce too full. I humbly trust that you in your wise benevolence will not condemn me for my transgression, Accutane from mexico. Buying Accutane online over the counter, Soon I will come to apologize in person, but meanwhile I beg to send this written communication for your kind inspection, after Accutane. Canada, mexico, india, Leaving much unsaid, I am yours respectfully.
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Filed under: — Jonathan Dresner @ 12:56 am

Jeremiah Jenne pointed me to this most wonderful bit of French nonsense: Jean Levi's claim that the terracotta army is a modern forgery Buy Clindamycin Gel Without Prescription, . Buy Clindamycin Gel from mexico,

These famous clay sentinels, which protect the sleep of the despot eternally as is insistently and pompously proclaimed by journalists, get Clindamycin Gel, Clindamycin Gel trusted pharmacy reviews, do not date back from the 3rd century B.C., the time when the Great Emperor was buried, buy Clindamycin Gel from canada, Clindamycin Gel gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, but from the 20th century, at the end of the Cultural Revolution when the struggle between factions was raging with the “Gang of Four”, taking Clindamycin Gel. Clindamycin Gel overnight, As you’ve pointed out, it is nonetheless surprising that this “new wonder of the world”, buying Clindamycin Gel online over the counter, Cheap Clindamycin Gel, which has crowds from the four corners of the planet gape with admiration, was inscribed on the World Heritage List without being assessed by international experts as is usually the case when a country officially asks for an artistic or architectural place or property to be listed, buy cheap Clindamycin Gel. Online Clindamycin Gel without a prescription, The Chinese authorities purely and simply refused the UNESCO experts access to the archeological site, although those same experts apparently did not take much offence as Lingtong’s buried army was added to the list anyway.

Portland Art Museum - Early Han - Musicians with Chimes Drum and Bells

He argues that the statues are too big - inconsistent with Warring States styles - and were put together too quickly given their scale and complexity, Clindamycin Gel dosage. My Clindamycin Gel experience, As for how such a cover-up could happen, he suggests, Clindamycin Gel from canada, What is Clindamycin Gel, inverting the chronology in a somewhat circular fashion, that their manufacture was covered up by saying that they were making copies, is Clindamycin Gel safe, Kjøpe Clindamycin Gel på nett, köpa Clindamycin Gel online, when what was really going on was the initial planting of the fakes. He goes on to cite Guy Debord (also Agamben and Baidou) and Sunzi, and other famous modern fakes like The Protocols of the Elders of Zion and an incident of a German museum being duped into displaying fake Terracotta Warriors, Buy Clindamycin Gel Without Prescription.

Smithsonian Sackler - China - bce 4c Eastern Zhou Tomb Guardian AntlersHaving read John Man's book on the Terracotta Warriors, Clindamycin Gel schedule, Buy Clindamycin Gel online cod, the argument against the plausibility of construction seems quite hollow: the more Man learns about how the construction is done, the lower his estimates of necessary labor become, online buying Clindamycin Gel hcl. Low dose Clindamycin Gel, The stylistic argument seems oddly deterministic: because the regime was artistically conservative elsewhere (he claims) doesn't mean that there couldn't be some innovation. The literalism of the life-sized warriors seems consistent, effects of Clindamycin Gel, Clindamycin Gel long term, to me, with the ideology of regulation and anti-abstractionism of the Qin regime, order Clindamycin Gel from United States pharmacy. Online buy Clindamycin Gel without a prescription, Why didn't it create a pattern, imitators, comprar en línea Clindamycin Gel, comprar Clindamycin Gel baratos. Order Clindamycin Gel no prescription, Which is more plausible: a Maoist conspiracy or that nobody who had the necessary resources wanted to be caught imitating the Qin state.

I may not have pictures of the warriors in my collection to share, Clindamycin Gel pictures, Online buying Clindamycin Gel, but at least I'm not using images from "The Mummy" or obviously photoshopped Wheel of Fortune pictures.... if Levi wants his ideas taken seriously, Clindamycin Gel maximum dosage, Buy no prescription Clindamycin Gel online, he really should find more friendly magazines. Until I see some actual evidence to the contrary, Clindamycin Gel dose, Australia, uk, us, usa, rather than fanciful theories, I will continue to present the terracotta warriors as an actual component of China's early history.

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Filed under: — Alan Baumler @ 6:10 am

Historic Preservation Buy Female Pink Viagra Without Prescription, is the process of  preserving historic stuff, mostly building and sites. Order Female Pink Viagra no prescription, China has lots of history. 5, fast shipping Female Pink Viagra, Order Female Pink Viagra from mexican pharmacy, 000 years of it, in fact, buy Female Pink Viagra from mexico. Female Pink Viagra gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, Historical Preservation, or Cultural Resources Management, Female Pink Viagra dose, Purchase Female Pink Viagra online no prescription, or whatever you want to call it is something they have less of as shown by recent events in the Great Within. Basically, doses Female Pink Viagra work, After Female Pink Viagra, the Beijing Forbidden City Cultural Development Company has been accused of setting up a special club for rich people inside the Forbidden City.

Preserving the past is tricky, since it is sometimes hard to figure out what needs to be preserved, Buy Female Pink Viagra Without Prescription. It is also sometimes hard to figure out what 'preserving' might mean, Female Pink Viagra pics. Female Pink Viagra forum, It could mean 'don't touch anything' but in practice somebody has to touch things in order to maintain them, and people do have to get in to look at things, buy Female Pink Viagra from canada, Buy cheap Female Pink Viagra no rx, or else what's the point.

Even at this level things are more complected that you might think, order Female Pink Viagra online c.o.d. Female Pink Viagra for sale, What exactly -is- this site?  Versailles would not be itself without the gardens, but the park just to the west of the Forbidden City, buy no prescription Female Pink Viagra online, Online buying Female Pink Viagra, once considered part of the grounds, was taken over by squatters in 1949, purchase Female Pink Viagra. Buy Female Pink Viagra Without Prescription, Do they have to be driven out and the pristine park of the past re-created?  ((There are also lots of pasts in various places. Female Pink Viagra without prescription, Which aspect of the palace are you trying to preserve. As I recall the Forbidden City (and it's been a few years) they seem to push a pretty a-historical view of a timeless palace, Female Pink Viagra trusted pharmacy reviews, Female Pink Viagra description, saying nothing about the Republic and running the Ming and Qing together.))

The big problem though is money. History and the National Essence are priceless, buy Female Pink Viagra online cod, Where can i buy Female Pink Viagra online, and thus can't be connected to money, which is dirty, online buy Female Pink Viagra without a prescription. About Female Pink Viagra, No gift shops. No tacky tourist stuff, Buy Female Pink Viagra Without Prescription. No guards in fake old uniforms, Female Pink Viagra treatment. Female Pink Viagra from canada, Pure, un-commercialized history, buy generic Female Pink Viagra. Female Pink Viagra samples, That of course is bunk. Every historical site sells stuff, comprar en línea Female Pink Viagra, comprar Female Pink Viagra baratos, Female Pink Viagra use, in part because they need the cash and in part because the broad masses want it and helping people connect with the past is what these places do, and buying stuff is part of that, buy Female Pink Viagra without a prescription. Buy Female Pink Viagra Without Prescription, Also, your guests are humans. What is Female Pink Viagra, They need to eat and drink, and they enjoy both of these things a lot, ordering Female Pink Viagra online. Female Pink Viagra steet value, The more of that you let them do it while looking at the history the better they will like it. So maybe some selling things is o.k., Female Pink Viagra price, Where can i buy Female Pink Viagra online, but you need to keep it tasteful.  So part of running a historical site is making money, but making it look like you are above money, is Female Pink Viagra safe. Cheap Female Pink Viagra no rx, (( Even if you could get the money out of the site that would just mean asking for more from the state or some sort of foundation. ))

This is particularly important when you are running something like the Forbidden City, a Top Class #1 tourist draw and source of national pride, Buy Female Pink Viagra Without Prescription. Some time ago they drove Starbucks out of the palace, Female Pink Viagra mg. This struck most of my students as a good thing. We would not let commerce sully the Lincoln Memorial, why should the Chinese let money into the Forbidden City. Having been there I point out that the palace is enormous, and that having a few places to get a drink or buy some postcards or get a popsicle makes it a lot better. Buy Female Pink Viagra Without Prescription, Hiring it out to a foreign company defiles the purity of the Chinese nation, however,  so it had to go.

The current brouhaha has something to do with lack of professionalism on the part of China's Historical Preservation Financial Asset Management Teams.  Lots of foreign museums rent out space for parties or whatever. You just need to do it with a bit of class. China has a distinct lack of old money, so this is a problem. Good Cultural Managers can help with this by providing a touch of distinction to a commercial transaction, but unfortunately the ones at the Forbidden City can't even manage a grammatically correct press statement. Of course it also has something to do with class resentments in contemporary China, Buy Female Pink Viagra Without Prescription. If the Forbidden City belongs to the Chinese people why are some Chinese people getting to party there and the rest being stuck making electronics in Shenzhen. Plus given what I can find out online  about the entertainment habits of Chinese rich people I'm guessing that the club does not run to dry white wine and chamber music. Massive amounts of vile booze and lots of ladies of negotiable virtue sounds more likely.

Finally, I must add that I am a little disappointed with the Beijing Forbidden City Cultural Development Company. I could forgive the   for prostituting China's cultural heritage or being sub-literates, but their 'vengeance' against the whistleblowers is pathetic. Firing people and confiscating a few cellphones?  This is the Forbidden City!  Cixi plotted here, as did Wei Zhongxian, and there are such things as standards. Couldn't they boil someone alive and serve the broth in the restaurant, or exile someone to Xinjiang, or something.

I got this from Jeremiah Jenne, who I note left Beijing just before this whole thing blew up.

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Prozac For Sale

Filed under: — Jonathan Dresner @ 10:46 pm

Prozac For Sale, Quite by coincidence, I ended up reading three books on Chinese monuments, but not until the third did I realize that what I was reading was a history of modern monuments. The first two books I picked up relatively recently - as my "to read" stack goes - but since they were related to my Early China course this last semester they moved to the front of the line. Order Prozac from United States pharmacy, (( If memory serves, they were both bought at Daedalus Books in Maryland. Great prices, Prozac blogs, if they've got what you're looking for; dangerous place for book-hounds. Buy Prozac without a prescription, )) The third was a review copy sent by Cornell UP to "Jonathan Dresner, Frog In A Well Blog." (( Yes, the rest of the address was there, Prozac canada, mexico, india, too, Online Prozac without a prescription, but that's boring. )) The books are

  • John Man, The Terracotta Army: China's First Emperor and the Birth of a Nation, Bantam Press, 2007

  • Julia Lovell, The Great Wall: China Against the World, 1000 BC - AD 2000, Grove Press, 2006.

  • Chang-Tai Hung, Mao's New World: Political Culture in the Early People's Republic

Why do I say these are modern monuments, Prozac For Sale. The terracotta warriors, while a monumental work, Prozac class, were unknown until 1974, Prozac from canadian pharmacy, and did not become "monuments of China" for several years after. The Great Wall was a fairly obscure remnant until foreign visitors, mistranslations and reporters (including Ripley himself) raised so much interest that the Chinese government refurbished and made it accessible primarily as a nationalist beacon and tourist attraction, Prozac forum. Though they have older stories to tell as well, What is Prozac, they actually fit quite well into the discussion Chang-tai Hung presents of the artistic and aesthetic politics in the first decade of the PRC.

Portland Art Museum - Han Clay ChariotJohn Man's investigation into the Qin tombs is a journalistic archaeological whodunit, a very competent roundup of physical research into Qin remains and contemporary technologies, order Prozac from mexican pharmacy. Prozac For Sale, For me, the journalistic investigation style wears thin very quickly: the habit of holding back important information to the end - which journalists share with weak mystery writers, among others - as a way of impelling the reader really grates my academic reader instincts. The archaelogical and journalistic investigation into the physical possibilities of the tomb and tomb figures is not matched by historical sensitivity: the treatment of historical texts here is adequate but not satisfying. Purchase Prozac online, Man presents the theory that Sima Qian was, through his heavy-handed criticism of the Qin emperors, attacking his own sometimes cruel and capricious monarch, buy Prozac without prescription. (( 16-26, Order Prozac online c.o.d, passim. Man doesn't really explain, then, Prozac natural, how he distinguishes between the details from Sima Qian that he trusts and those that he doesn't, Prozac used for, though he continues to cite him. )) This gives him opportunity to present other recent evidence suggesting that the Qin legal system wasn't that bad (e.g, Prozac For Sale. 82) and that the problem with the Qin was, fundamentally, after Prozac, leadership (especially succession). Online buy Prozac without a prescription, Aside from the historical revision, Man embarks on a revision of the traditional narrative of tomb figure creation itself, investigating the processes of construction and production - using the souvenir reproduction industry as a surrogate - in an attempt to arrive at a plausible figure for workers and time needed to complete the tombs as we know them, where can i order Prozac without prescription. The number of assumptions necessary is problematic, Prozac schedule, but the physical descriptions and pictures of the figures are great fun. In related news, U Mass Amherst's Warring States Project looks like it might bear great fruit, fast shipping Prozac, the lectures section looks like the best starting place for dabblers. Prozac For Sale, Julia Lovell's survey of Chinese wall-building is more traditional history, but is clearly directed at a broad audience as well, and she has extensive journalistic experience in addition to being a history lecturer at Cambridge. Cheap Prozac no rx, The book is quite comprehensive, but the narrow focus on the development of what comes to be known as The Great Wall - the careful elucidation of the history of the naming is worth what I paid for the book by itself - means that the context is sometimes lost. The core of the book is, taking Prozac, in a way, Japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, the maps: a lovely series throughout the book showing the different configurations of long walls built by dynasty after dynasty, and pictures and descriptions highlighting the very temporary nature of the typical earthen walls. My biggest question about Chinese wall-building has always been its effectiveness: continuing wall-building suggests that the Chinese dynasties believed their effectiveness, Prozac alternatives, while the historical record seems to plainly indicate that walls were ineffective in times of crisis and conflict with northern societies, Prozac maximum dosage, almost invariably highly mobile cavalry-based forces. Lovell's thesis in this regard is interestingly nuanced: when dynasties are vital and trade with pastoral communities is reasonable, then walls are both effective and largely unnecessary; when dynasties are weak, Prozac brand name, or try to close off trade with the northern peoples, Prozac pharmacy, then the walls are a speedbump, at best. Walls appear effective when they are built by young, vibrant dynasties; this makes them attractive for tottering governments which are trying to bolster borders without spending real time and money on military preparedness, Prozac For Sale. As Lovell notes several times, buy cheap Prozac, and the French learned much later, Ordering Prozac online, the problem with walls is that they have ends: determined enemies routinely rode around, rather than through, them, is Prozac safe. And dynasties in decline often have trouble maintaining the loyalty of border guard commands that are ill-paid and can't rely on vigorous back-up, Prozac overnight, so circumstances like the end of the Ming dynasty were more the rule than the exception. Lovell relies heavily - and openly - on Arthur Waldron's The Great Wall of China: From History to Myth, but since I haven't read Waldron yet, Prozac wiki, I can't tell how much she's added to his work; the bibliography is very substantial, Buy Prozac from canada, though, and very up-to-date. She ends with a consideration of the "Great Firewall" which certainly is appropriate, buy generic Prozac, though I'm not sure really adds all that much to the book.

Gao Zhen and Gao Qiang - 2009 - Miss Mao Trying To Poise Herself at the Top of Lenins Head Prozac For Sale, Chang-tai Hung's study of cultural production and manipulation in the first ten years of Mao's rule is a surprisingly clear and lively work: the combination of theory and aesthetics and politics could have made this book unreadable and useless, but I'd actually consider using this with undergraduates if I were teaching a more focused course on China. Prozac duration, (( The individual chapters would work as stand-alone readings, as well, though the totality of the vision doesn't come through that way, Prozac dangers. )) Looking at the early years of the People's Republic through the lens of architecture and art makes clear both the ideological themes and the totalizing visions that made up Maoist communism. Prozac coupon, The core of the book is ten chapters in five categories, bracketed by Tiananmen Square - first, the square itself, rx free Prozac, and the Sino-Soviet rivalry that led to the creation of the world's largest public space, Prozac dose, and finally the "Monument to the People's Heroes" which decorates it, and the historical and political debates that determined its orientation, decoration, Prozac trusted pharmacy reviews, inscription and presentation. In between there are chapters on parades, folk dance, cheap prints and ornate oil paintings, including the infamously altered Founding Ceremony by Dong Xiwen. The balance between syncretic adaptation and revolutionary rejection of existing aesthetics is fascinating, as is the tension between internationalist communism and Chinese nationalism, Prozac For Sale. The latter isn't, actually, so much a tension as an outright contradiction, I suppose: Hung argues consistently that nationalism was part and parcel of Mao and the CCP's appeals, a kind of "original sin" of the PRC that eventually manifests in the Sino-Soviet split, the Great Leap Forward and the present rising tide of national self-regard.

In this context, of course, the Qin tomb figures and the walls become part of a longer, larger story of national self-creation. Though it's probably wrong to speak of "nation-building" in the case of the Qin - or even in the case of the Ming - there's a strain of something like nationalism at the elite levels of Chinese culture that is very easy for populist leaders to adapt into a broad-based cultural phenomenon. I had a substantial discussion about American exceptionalism a while back in which I argued that Chinese elite culture displays all the substantive hallmarks of nationalism in the Early Modern, except for a broad-based popular movement, and possibly even before that. At the very least, the centrality of these monumental works is clearly part of the current nationalist discourse, and very deliberately so.

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Indiana Jones -Busted

Filed under: — Alan Baumler @ 2:44 am

The people in the reading room at Shaanxi Provincial Archives are really nice and helpful and professional. Unlike some archives they will let you look at things that are not directly connected to your approved research topic. They will also let you drink tea right there in the reading room while reading documents. On the downside they have taken over half of the reading room to practice their song and dance routine for China's upcoming 60th national day. Fortunately I, like everyone else, am so excited about the celebration that it does not bother me.  I found a few documents on an American soldier who was busted for stealing cultural relics in 1945. Violation of cultural relics laws was a big problem in Shaanxi, and they have a fair number of documents on it going back to the 1930s. They don't give his name, but apparently he was caught with an entire truckload of stuff, including 9 “Xia dynasty” bronze ding and 3 Six Dynasties Buddha images. Total value over 5 million yuan. By 1945 Americans no longer enjoyed extraterritoriality, so he was subject to Chinese law. On the other hand, members of the American military were governed by a status of forces agreement that gave them many of the same privileges. He did not cooperate or say much to his captors. I suspect if he had been caught with couple TLV mirrors in his backpack they would have just ignored it or maybe confiscated them. A truck puts him in Kelly's Heroes territory, however, and they had to do something. Of course this guy could have regularized his actions without too much trouble. Lots of American China collections, most notably the Harvard library were built up during or right after the war by having Americans with money and official connections go around buying up everything they could get their hands on. One assumes this soldier was not digging this stuff up himself, he had Chinese accomplices (not mentioned here) who were helping him because he had lots of greenbacks. Of course that is totally different than say, Fairbank, tossing around Harvard money, since he was buying up Chinese culture in a poor and disordered country -with- official permission, and with a scholarly purpose, rather than for personal aggrandizement, and this guy was doing the opposite. Plus the soldier did not have a Ph.D. As so often happens in archives the documents end before the case is resolved. The last document is from the provincial government, asking if maybe the artifacts are fakes, perhaps as a way to sweep the incident under the rug. Too bad, since a trial might have generated more statements about what actually went down.


Modern Archaeology

Filed under: — Jonathan Dresner @ 9:53 pm
Gansu backyard furnacesGreat Leap Forward era backyard iron furnaces have been unearthed [via] and there is discussion about whether to preserve them as historical evidence, even a cultural heritage. The site is described thus
The backyard furnaces are located on the south slope of a hillside within the borders of Heiyaodong Village in Baiyin Mongolian Township, Sunan Yugur Autonomous County. They are situated in an east-west line and number 159 furnaces in total, most of which have crumbled. About fifty are still largely intact. The largest is 8 meters high and 14 meters in circumference; the smallest is 2.5 meters high and 2.7 meters around. Most are pagoda-shaped, with one or more chimneys. Their insides are lined with clay bricks. Some of the larger furnaces are dug into the hillside and have one or more arched entrances for feeding raw material, lighting the fire, or cleaning out slag, and multiple air vents are set into the floor. Some are made up of ten individual furnaces joined together. The whole group extends for a more than two kilometers, making for an impressive sight. The furnaces were built in 1958 during the Great Leap Forward and ceased operating in 1960. Some of them were never put to use.
That last line captures what is, for me anyway, the essence of the GLF: an immense waste of effort, resources, lives. Wu Zuolai of the journal Theory and Criticism of Art and Literature writes:
People who experienced that time recall that whole forests were cut down to make charcoal to burn, bringing immense disaster to the environment. And because some areas were unable to produce acceptable steel, the people had to break apart their cooking pots and melt them down in the furnaces, and as a result, unusable lumps of iron were all that was produced. One unforeseen consequence was that real cultural heritage was plundered during the steel production campaign. The two-storey tower at the famous Hangu Pass* was torn down, and inscriptions accumulated over the course of two thousand years were destroyed. Wuwei County,* Gansu, was an important northwestern garrison in the Tang Dynasty, and its city wall, built of large bricks, towered for a thousand years. But those thousand-year-old bricks became part of the furnaces. ... The past has become a memory and a historical lesson. But has the mentality of the Great Leap Forward been entirely eradicated? Faced with this massive cluster of iron smelters, we have much to reflect upon. Public, scientific, and democratic decision making must not be merely empty words but must be put into practice in every project.
Wu goes on to suggest a "small museum" on the site, and an oral history and records collecting project. Given that this is one of the landmark events of modern Chinese history, I would hope for that much, or more. But given that this is one of the landmark events in the failure of Maoist policy and rapid modernization, I have my doubts.


Old pots

Filed under: — Alan Baumler @ 6:44 am
Rachel at AHC has a nice post up on her visit to the Hua Song Museum in Singapore, and what they are doing with one of the largerst marine archeology finds ever, a Tang period cargo of porcelin that was carried in an Arab ship that sank in what is now Indonesia in the 9th Century. If you enjoy picutres of Tang dynasty Fiestaware, accounts of shady types bickering over sunken treasure (no mention of rum is included) or discussions of how we make history out of things it is worth reading.


You are nimble in warfare!

Filed under: — Alan Baumler @ 2:16 pm
Two Western Zhou bronze inscriptions, both dating from around 850 B.C. and describing the war against the Xianyun ((from Li Feng Landscape and Power in Early China))
It was the ninth month, first auspiciousness, wushen-day (no. 45), Boshi said: "Buqi, the Border Protector! The Xianyun broadly attacked Xiyu, and the king commanded us to pursue to the west. I came back to send in the captives. I commanded you to defend and to pursue at Luo, and you used our chariots sweepingly attacking the Xianyun at Gaoyin; you cut off many heads and took many prisoners. The Rong greatly gathered and followed chasing you, and you and the Rong greatly slaughtered and fought. You have done well, and have not let our chariots get trapped in difficulty. You captured many, cutting off heads and taking prisoners." Boshi said: "Buqi, you young man! You are nimble in warfare; [I] award you one bow, a bunch of arrows, five households of servants, ten fields of land, with which [you are] to take up your affairs." Buqi bowed with [his] head touching the ground, [and extols the] the beneficence. [Buqi] herewith makes for my august grandfather Gongbo and Mengji [this] sacrificial gui-vessel, with which to entreat much good fortune, longevity without limits, and eternal pureness without end. May [my] sons' sons and grandsons' grandsons eternally treasure and use [it] in offerings. __________ It was in the tenth month, because the Xianyun greatly arose and broadly attacked Jingshi, [it] was reported to the king. The king commanded Duke Wu: "Dispatch your most capable men and pursue at Jingshi!" Duke Wu commanded Duoyou: "Lead the ducal chariots and pursue at Jingshi!" On the guiwei (no. 20) day, the Rong attacked Xun and took captives. Duoyou pursued to the west. In the morning of the jiashen (no. 21) day, [he] struck [them] at Qi. Duoyou had cut off heads and captured prisoners to be interrogated: in all, using the ducal chariots to cut off 2 [X] 5 heads, to capture 23 prisoners, and to take 117 Rong chariots; [Duoyou] liberated the Xun people captured [by the Xianyun]. Furthermore, [Duoyou] struck at Gong; [he] cut off 36 heads and captured 2 prisoners and took 10 chariots. Following [the Xianyun], [Duoyou] pursued and struck at Shi; Duoyou again had cut off heads and taken prisoners. Thereafter, [Duoyou] rapidly pursued [them] and arrived at Yangzhong; the ducal chariotry cut off 115 heads and captured 3 prisoners. It was that [they] could not capture the [Rong] chariots; they burnt [them]. And it was their (the Xianyun's) horses that they wounded gravely. [Duoyou] recaptured the Jingshi captives. Duoyou contributed the captured, the heads, and the prisoners to the duke, and Duke Wu then contributed [them] to the king. [The king] therefore addressed Duke Wu and said: "You have pacified Jingshi; [I] enrich you and award you lands." On the dingyou (no. 34) day. Duke Wu was in the Xian-hall [He] commanded Xiangfu to summon Duoyou, and [Duoyou] entered the Xian-hall. The duke personally addressed Duoyou and said: "I initially assigned [you the task], and you have done well! [you] did not disobey, but have accomplished [the deed and] taken many captives. You have pacified Jingshi. [I] award you one jade tablet, one set of bells made in finest bronzes and one hundred  jun of the jiaoyou copper." Duoyou dares to respond to the duke's beneficence, and herewith makes [this] sacrificial ding-vessel, with which to entertain friends; may my sons' sons and grandsons' grandsons eternally treasure and use it! ((Zhou bronze inscriptions sound a lot like blog posts))
This semester I am only teaching three classes, one section of East Asia History, one of Early China, and an Honors College class the first part of which is about ancient Chinese bronzes. So I have been going over some of the same things at three different speeds with three (mostly) different groups of students. This would seem to be a situation that is ripe for all sorts of profound insights. Sadly, I do not have too many. ((One is that if you are teaching similar courses in the same semester you should try to at least get them scheduled for different rooms, which might reduce the number of times you end up asking the students if you have gone over this point with them before.)) Teaching Early China has changed a lot since I was a kid, in part because of all the archeological work that has been done since 1976. Pre-Han stuff used to centered on the philosophers and their (fairly disembodied) debates, in large part because philosophical texts were about all we had. When Fairbank and Twitchett first started the Cambridge History of China project (back in the 1960's) they deliberately left out the Pre-Qin period on the grounds that "It may well be another decade before it will prove practical to undertake a synthesis of all these new discoveries that will have lasting value. " ((General Editor's Preface)) The Cambridge History of Ancient China, which came out in 1999 was intended to remedy this problem. In the last 30-odd years not only have we made a lot of progress in understanding classical texts but there has been a huge amount of progress in understanding the social and political systems of the Shang and Zhou in large part becuse of archeological evidence like the above. It used to be pretty much impossible to discuss the actual workings of Zhou feudalism with students, or to have a meaningful debate on the validity of  "feudalism" as a concept in China, or to do lots of other stuff. Textbooks have not really caught up with this, but it is getting easier and easier for even non-specialists to teach Early China.


Liveblogging, slowblogging, Mammoth Blogging?

Filed under: — Jonathan Dresner @ 1:36 pm
John McKay, at Archy, is publishing excerpts from his work on the natural history and historiography of wooly mammoths. The latest installment is about China, particularly the Kangxi Emperor's (r. 1661-1722) collection of mammoth-related materials and, surprisingly, personal contributions to the field. It seems that under Kangxi's tutelage, the Chinese realized that the mammoth was most likely related to the elephant, after centuries of referring to it as a giant but uncategorized rodent. (Also, he's looking for some help with consistent Romanizations.) Just for fun, it inspired me to pull my copy of Elvin's Retreat of the Elephants off my "wanna read" shelf and go through the introduction and first few chapters, including "Humans v. Elephants: The Three Thousand Years War." The charts and diagrams in the introduction are nearly worth the price of admission. I'm not sure if I'm going to have time to get through much more of it this semester, but the overlap with my Early China class (especially using Hansen as the text, who does take environmental issues seriously) is significant, and I'm going to try to make the time. I've been known to assign absurdly long books before; has anyone used Elvin in class?


Teaching about Chinese Bronzes

Filed under: — Alan Baumler @ 7:37 am
As the semester is winding down, our academic readers are no doubt very busy doing their work. If you would like to do my work, however, we have something of a tradition here of posting our syllabi and asking for advice from older and wiser heads. This is a rough syllabus for a class segment to be called “A Gu indeed” which I will be teaching in the Spring. This is ½ of an Honors college thing for freshmen and this is for the segment on Art. I am supposed to be looking at art like a historian would. I chose to do bronzes and this is the reading list. I tried to cover all of the major ways you can get meaning out of old bronzes. Any tips on what to add, subtract, or substitute are very welcome. These are supposed to be smart kids, but not history majors, so I am using some fairly high-level stuff and counting on them to be able to deal with chapters pulled out of books. 1 Introduction Background Just enough Chinese history to be dangerous. 2,3 -Lu Liancheng and Yan Wenming “Society during the Three Dynasties” from Kwang-chih Chang et. al. The Formation of Chinese Civilization: An Archeological Perspective Yale, 2005 -Wyatt, James “The Bronze Age and the First Empires” From Wen Fong, et. al. Possessing the Past: Treasures from the National Palace Museum. Taipei 1996 Art and Authority 4,5 Chang, K. C. Art, Myth and Ritual: The Path to Political Authority in Ancient China. Harvard University Press, 1988. (A bit of a golden oldie, but I want them to read a book and this one brings in a lot of different themes. Plus it is more or less before all the recent changes, so if we want to look at the development of the historiography this is good.) 6 ”The Shang Kings at Anyang” from Thorp, Robert L. China in the Early Bronze Age: Shang Civilization. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005. (More recent than Chang, and has more history of archeology) How they (Ancient Chinese) understood Bronzes 7-Keightley, David “The Science of the Ancestors: Divination, Curing and Bronze-Casting in Late Shang China” -Selections from the Book of Songs. Maybe something from Lewis’s Sanctioned Violence 8-Rites and music -Xunzi 19 & 10 and Lu Buwei (transitioning into the end of the bronze age and other ways to interact with heaven) 9 -Puett, Michael “Humans and Gods: The Theme of Self-Divination in Early China and Early Greece” From Ancient China Early Greece -“The Natural Philosophy of Writing” from Lewis, Mark Edward. Writing and Authority in Early China. SUNY Press, 2007. Bronzes as art 10 Allen vs. Bagley (Sets up the major debates on how to look at these things) -Sarah Allan “Art and Meaning” and Robert Bagley “Meaning and Explanation” both from Whitfield, Roderick. The Problem of Meaning in Early Chinese Ritual Bronzes. Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art, 1993. 11 Taotie .(a specific question on getting meaning out of bronzes ) -Li, Rawson, Xiong and Wang, all from Whitfield, Roderick. The Problem of Meaning in Early Chinese Ritual Bronzes. Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art, 1993 - Kesner, Ladislav. “The Taotie Reconsidered: Meanings and Functions of the Shang Theriomorphic Imagery.” Artibus Asiae 51, no. 1/2 (1991): 29-53. 12 Wu Hung “The Nine Tripods and Traditional Chinese Concepts of Monumentality” from Monumentality in Early Chinese Art and Architecture. Stanford University Press, 1997. (Cause you can’t do a class like this without some Chicago stuff) 13 Picture day. Slide lecture on bronzes and how to classify them (Not sure if this should be moved up, but I like the idea of doing it now when they will have some clue what is going on. I may just split them into groups and have them come up with presentations.) Bronzes as technology 14-Li Liu “The Products of Minds as Well as of Hands”: Production of Prestige Goods in the Neolithic and Early State Periods of China -“Casting Bronze the Complicated Way” Ledderose, Lothar. Ten Thousand Things: Module and Mass Production in Chinese Art. Princeton University Press, 2001. How bronzes show social change 15,16 Stuff from -Falkenhausen, Lothar Von. Chinese Society in the Age of Confucius (Monumenta Archaeologica). Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, 2006. -Rawson from CHAC (Ritual Revolution and the debates about it) 17 “The Household” from Lewis, Mark Edward. The Construction of Space in Early China. State University of New York Press, 2006. 18 “Things of the past” from Clunas, Craig. Superfluous Things: Material Culture and Social Status in Early Modern China. University of Hawaii Press, 2004. (A ncie bit on how Chinese collectors understood these things. Could use something on modern collectors)

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