Universal Crime

Filed under: — Alan Baumler @ 3:53 pm
All of you no doubt remember the drafts sections of his dissertation that Konrad posted here.
Well, the first dead tree article out of the project is on newsstands now.
Universal Crime, Particular Punishment: Trying the Atrocities of the Japanese Occupation as Treason in the Philippines, 1947-1953,
Congrats to Konrad, and for those of you who don’t already subscribe to Comparativ, now would obviously be the time.


Journals: European Journal Of East Asian Studies Vol 6 No 2

Filed under: — K. M. Lawson @ 9:39 am

Below is the table of contents of the new issue of this journal:

European Journal Of East Asian Studies
2007 ; VOL 6 ; PART 2   (2007/12/01) 
EALA Wiki Entry for this journal

Article Title: N . F . S . Grundtvig , Niels Bukh and Other ‘Japanese’ Heroes . The Educators Obara Kuniyoshi and Matsumae Shigeyoshi and Their Lessons from the Past of a Foreign Country
Author(s): Margaret Meh
Page: 155 – 184

Article Title: When the Medium Is the Message : The Ideological Role of Yoshino Sakuzô ; Yoshino’s Minponshugi in Mobilising the Japanese Public
Author(s): Brett McCormic
Page: 185 – 215

Article Title: Regional Integration and Business Interests : A Comparative Study of Europe and Southeast Asia
Author(s): Hidetaka Yoshimatsu
Page: 217 – 243

Article Title: Constructing Relations with Hong Kong under ‘One Country , Two Systems’ . Prospects for the European Union
Author(s): Kenneth Ka – Lok Cha
Page: 245 – 273

Article Title: China Through Western Eyes . A Case Study of the BBC Television Documentary Roads to Xanadu
Author(s): Qing Ca
Page: 275 – 297


Journals: East Asia – An International Quarterly Vol 24 No 4

Filed under: — K. M. Lawson @ 9:08 am

Below is the table of contents of the new issue of this journal:

East Asia – An International Quarterly
2008; Vol 24; PART 4 (2008-January)
EALA Wiki Entry for this journal

Article Title: Japan’s Quest for “Soft Power” : Attraction and Limitation
Author(s): Peng Lam
Page: 349 – 363

Article Title: Policy Response to Declining Birth Rate in Japan : Formation of a “Gender – Equal” Society
Author(s): Yuki Huen
Page: 365 – 379

Article Title: Is Taipei an Innovative City ? An Institutionalist Analysis
Author(s): Chia – Huang Wang
Page: 381 – 398

Article Title: China’s Oil Venture in Africa
Author(s): Hong Zhao
Page: 399 – 415

Article Title: Edmund Terence Gomez ( ed ) , Politics in Malaysia : The Malay Dimension
Author(s): Clive Kessler
Page: 417 – 419

Article Title: David Scott , China Stands Up : The PRC and the International System
Author(s): Justin Orenstein
Page: 421 – 424

Article Title: Steve Chan , China , the U . S . , and the Power – Transition Theory : A Critique
Author(s): Robert Sutter
Page: 425 – 427


Eighth Route Army POW Policy

Filed under: — Guest @ 10:35 pm

Frog in a Well welcomes a guest posting from Sayaka Chatani, who is a PhD student in the History Department of Columbia University. Her research interests are in the transnational history of early to mid-twentieth century East Asia, mainly focusing on the colonization and decolonization of Korea and Taiwan.

For those who missed the August 2007 issue of Sekai, a journal widely read by (mainly left-leaning) Japanese intellectuals, I would like to introduce an article by Marukawa Tetsushi in the volume, who I think shows an interesting way of addressing multiple postwar contexts through a single historical issue.

The main part of the August 2007 issue of Sekai is dedicated to the 70th Anniversary of the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, with the subtitle of “how we face the memory of the Sino-Japanese War.” A number of historians devoted articles on issues related to the war. Unlike conventional debates on the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, none of them discusses “who started firing first.” It starts with a series of interviews with Chinese people who survived the experience of forced labor under the Japanese occupation; scholars discuss the decision-making of the navy to carpet-bomb Chinese cities after the Marco Polo Bridge Incident; and it also includes comments by activists on the future of Japan’s war responsibility. Among these articles is Marukawa Tetsushi’s discussion on the 八路軍 (the Communist Eighth Route Army during the resistance war against Japan).

Marukawa’s short article, 「改造」と「認罪」−その起源と展開, focuses on the policy of the Eighth Route Army toward Japanese POWs and war criminals, which constituted an integral part of the Chinese Communists’ strategy towards international society during and immediately after WWII. Marukawa argues that the Eighth Route Army, not being recognized as a legitimate actor or army by foreign powers, had no incentive to abide with the Hague Convention on the treatment of the POWs. Nevertheless, the Eighth Route Army adopted a very lenient policy towards the Japanese POWs as a tactic of psychological warfare. Marukawa introduces “the Yan-an (延安) Report,” which American intelligence compiled to learn from the Chinese Communist strategy in fighting Japanese forces. According to this report, the Communists treated the Japanese POWs with medical care, provided them with education and released them as they desired in order to provide a contrast with the indoctrination of the Japanese military. This lenient POW policy was so effective that, the report argues, many Japanese soldiers deserted and defected during the war. Marukawa identifies the nature of the politics of Chinese Communism in this policy of converting enemies into friends, reminding the reader of Mao Zedong’s comment, “Who is our enemy? Who is our friend? This is the most important problem to our revolution.”

Marukawa continues by discussing how Japanese society remembered – or did not remember – the Eighth Route Army POW policy since the war ended. He argues that the Cold War situation distorted the image of the Eighth Route Army. The setting of Tamura Taijirō’s famous novel, “春婦伝 (A Story of a Prostitute)” (1946), was changed under pressure when it was made into a movie, “暁の脱走” (the main character was played by Yamaguchi Yoshiko) in 1950. In the original novel, a Japanese soldier was captured by the Eighth Route Army and released, but the Eighth Route Army was replaced with the Nationalist (KMT) Army in the movie owing to the GHQ censorship. This was a result of the American fear of “brain-washing,” which had just become an established concept during the Korean War, Marukawa argues.

At the same time, Communist China was wholeheartedly promoting the 整風 (zhengfeng) movement to ideologically convert former KMT supporters. It was in this context that the continuous 思想改造 (thought conversion) and the 認罪 (admitting guilt) movement of Japanese POWs and war criminals was posited. In other words, Marukawa recognizes two contexts – the consolidation of the Communist victory of the Civil War, and the continuation of the Eighth Route Army tactic of psychological warfare as operating at the same time as the 戦犯管理 (management of war criminals) policy. It was also a means for the Chinese to engage with international society. Stalin transported about 1000 Japanese POWs to China in the 1950s so that China could demonstrate its ability to adequately manage them to international society. Marukawa argues (somewhat ambiguously) that, dissatisfied with the result of San Francisco Treaty, Communist China further intensified the 認罪 (admitting guilt) program towards the Japanese POWs/war criminals.

Marukawa’s article concludes by reflecting on the stunning leniency seen in the rules of the Shenyang war crime tribunal, as well as the fact that many Japanese soldiers felt responsible and guilty of the crimes that they were only indirectly related to. A round-talk with some Japanese survivors who had experienced Eighth Route Army POW policy and became anti-war activists follows his article in the same volume.

Marukawa Tetsushi, “Kaizō to Ninzai, Sono Kigen to Tenkai,” in Sekai, Iwanami Shoten, August 2007, no.768, pp. 243-252


Journals: Critical Asian Studies Vol 39 No 3

Filed under: — K. M. Lawson @ 10:40 pm

Below is the table of contents for the september issue of Critical Asian Studies:

Critical Asian Studies
2007 ; VOL 39 ; PART 3   (2007/09/01) 
EALA Wiki Entry for this journal

Article Title: Submerged and submerging voices : hegomony and the decline of the Narmada Bachao Andolan in Gujarat , 1998 – 2001
Author(s): Whitehead , Judith
Page: 339-421

Article Title: The Limits of Protest and Prospects for Political Reform in Malaysia
Author(s): Nair , Sheila
Page: 339-368

Article Title: Robo Sapiens Japanicus : Humanoid Robots and the Posthuman Family
Author(s): Robertson , Jennifer
Page: 369-398

Article Title: Inequality for the Greater Good : Gendered State Rule in Singapore
Author(s): Yenn , Teo You
Page: 423-445

Article Title: Beyond Modern : Shimizu Shikin and “Two Modern Girls”
Author(s): Winston , Leslie
Page: 447-481

Article Title: IRAQ AND THE LESSONS OF VIETNAM : Introduction
Author(s): Gardner , Lloyd ; Young , Marilyn
Page: 483-498

Article Title: Book Review
Page: 499-503

About TOS Updates

Journals: The China Quarterly Vol 192

Filed under: — K. M. Lawson @ 10:35 pm

Below is the table of contents for the December issue of the China Quarterly:

The China Quarterly
2007 ; VOL 192 ; PART 01   (2007/12/01) 
EALA Wiki Entry for this journal

Article Title: Index of Books Reviewed
Page: iv-viii

Article Title: Index for 2007
Page: i-iii

Article Title: Index of Authors
Page: xiii-xiv

Article Title: Index to Quarterly Chronicle
Page: ix-xii

Article Title: Integrating Wealth and Power in China : The Communist Party’s Embrace of the Private Sector
Page: 827-854

Article Title: From Resisting to “Embracing ? ” the One – Child Rule : Understanding New Fertility Trends in a Central China Village
Page: 855-875

Article Title: Clans for Markets : The Social Organization of Inter – Firm Trading Relations in China’s Automobile Industry
Page: 876-897

Article Title: Rural Households , Dragon Heads and Associations : A Case Study of Sweet Potato Processing in Sichuan Province
Page: 898-914

Article Title: The Political Ecology of Pollution Enforcement in China : A Case from Sichuan’s Rural Industrial Sector
Page: 915-932

Article Title: Ethnicization through Schooling : The Mainstream Discursive Repertoires of Ethnic Minorities
Page: 933-948

Article Title: State – Press Relationship in Post – 1997 Hong Kong : Constant Negotiation amidst Self – Restraint
Page: 949-970

Article Title: The Making of Chinese Intellectuals : Representations and Organization in the Thought Reform Campaign
Page: 971-989

Article Title: Was Japanese Colonialism Good for the Welfare of Taiwanese ? Stature and the Standard of Living
Page: 990-1013

Article Title: The China Quarterly
Page: 1018-1019

Article Title: Books Received
Page: 1052-1057

Article Title: Quarterly chronicle and documentation
Page: 1058-1084

Article Title: Contributors
Page: 1085-1087

About TOS Updates

Journals: Journal of Asian Studies Vol 66 No 4

Filed under: — K. M. Lawson @ 10:17 pm

Below is the table of contents of the November issue of JAS.

Journal of Asian Studies
2007 ; VOL 66 ; PART 4   (2007/11/01) 
EALA Wiki Entry for this journal

Article Title: Law and Custom under the Choson Dynasty and Colonial Korea : A Comparative Perspective
Author(s): Kim , M . S . – H .
Page: 1067-1098


Journals: Modern China Vol 34 No 1

Filed under: — K. M. Lawson @ 10:03 pm

Below is the table of contents of the new Modern China issue:

Modern China
2008; VOL 34; PART 1 (2008-January) 
EALA Wiki Entry for this Journal

Introduction to “The Nature of the Chinese State : Dialogues among Western and Chinese Scholars , I”
Author(s): Philip C . C . Huang
Page: 3 – 8

Centralized Minimalism : Semiformal Governance by Quasi Officials and Dispute Resolution in China
Author(s): Philip C . C . Huang
Page: 9 – 35

Graduated Controls : The State – Society Relationship in Contemporary China
Author(s): Kang Xiaoguang
Page: 36 – 55

Changing Models of China’s Policy Agenda Setting
Author(s): Shaoguang Wang
Page: 56 – 87

Societal Transition : New Issues in the Field of the Sociology of Development
Author(s): Sun Liping
Page: 88 – 113

The Liberation of the Object and the Interrogation of Modernity : Rethinking The Rise of Modern Chinese Thought
Author(s): Wang Hui
Page: 114 – 140

Rule as Repertory and the Compound Essence of Authority
Author(s): Vivienne Shue
Page: 141 – 151

History and Globalization in China’s Long Twentieth Century
Author(s): Prasenjit Duara
Page: 152 – 164

A Theory of Transitions
Author(s): Ivan Szelenyi
Page: 165 – 175

About TOS Updates

TOS Update Experiment

Filed under: — K. M. Lawson @ 9:49 pm

Today I’ll begin an experiment here at Frog in a Well. I thought some readers might appreciate an update of the table of contents of journals which include articles on East Asian history. I don’t know how often I’ll be able to do this, but it turns out to be easy to transform the email updates I receive into a post for Frog in a Well. You can register for TOS updates by email with many journals but it doesn’t hurt to post them here for those who don’t want to clutter inboxes. Many journals also now provide RSS feed.

I’ll try to remember to copy and paste the TOS into the appropriate page Journals section of the Frog in a Well EALA wiki. If anyone wants to create individual wiki pages for articles of interests, posting summaries, links to commentary, or civil discussion about the articles directly in the wiki, that is welcome too.

NOTE: Unfortunately, the email updates I get often don’t show any distinction between articles, book reviews, and research notes so visit online home pages for this information. Also, most journals are only available for reading at research libraries, or online through paid subscription services such as JSTOR, Muse, and other databases.

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