Using only their hands, they erected 289 bridges, including two big suspension bridges with a load bearing capacity of 10 to 15 tons, and 1,959 culverts. The road-bed is sixteen feet wide, has a maximum grade of eight in a hundred and a minimum curve radius of fifty feet. ((p.85))As if that's not enough, we also get pictures of Natives in Native dress and a scathing portrait of Mr. Wood and Mr. Coward, an English and American journalist who make up stories about Old Lo that will better fit the ideas westerners already have about China. The pictures of natives seem to be the author buying into stereotypes about minority nationalities, and the journalist parts seem like a sophisticated critique of just those sorts of stereotypes. I doubt there will ever be a critical edition of this book, but if it ever goes up on Google books, you could cover almost everything you need to cover in a Modern China class through this.
The third volume of Understanding China Through Comics is out, and it is good. In my previous reviews I talked about how well the books explained Chinese history and how well they worked visually. As before, the answer to both is pretty well, and they are getting better.
This volume goes from 907-1368, so we get the Song and the Yuan. This is a tricky period to deal with visually. There are a lot of foreigners around, and it is hard to distinguish them. Different hats will help.
Unlike western writers, Liu is committed to explaining all the political ins and outs of this period, and he does a pretty good job of sorting out the constant political shifts, although reading this also helps explain why so may other authors don't bother with all this.
As in the earlier volumes there is a lot of stuff explaining the past in terms of the present, so Song commercialization/technical advances is done through by having Malcom Gladwell drop by to discuss rice paddies.
The Song is actually a pretty interesting test case for Liu's central thesis, that Chinese history is a 5,000 year quest to create a middle-class society, given that this is the time of the birth of an early modern commercial society and a time of great technological advance. Most importantly, this was the time of Wang Anshi. Wang's reforms have garnered a lot of attention in the 20th century, since he is the Chinese official who's policies can be most easily linked to the present. If you want to find signs of modern administration, the welfare state, democracy, or incipient Communists totalitarianism in traditional China, Wang's reforms are where you look. Liu is clearly a member of Team Wang, presenting him as an upright technocrat who should have been listened to. The Song is also portrayed as the age when the "scholar-officials" came fully into power, and the idea that these upright technocrats were admirable and sacrosanct came from here. No more executing those who speak truth to power!While all the above is both pretty good history and also clearly has modern resonances, Liu does point out that you can't read Chinese nationalism back into the past. Here we have peasants telling each other that it does not much matter who they are paying taxes to. This makes the books quite different from a lot of the Chinese history you see in China, where all of China's 56 ethnic groups have always been modern nationalists. Unfortunately, Liu does gloss over some of the more bothersome aspects of China's past. Footbinding is a good example. In this book it is presented as a way of protecting Chinese women from being carried off by barbarians.
Nobody has a really good explanation for why footbinding spread, but needless to say this is not one of the possible explanations. More importantly, this page reconciles me to the fact that Liu is not planning to go past 1911 in his history. If you won't look at the uglier part of your history, what can you do with those who rebel against it? If you leave out what footbinding really was you can't do Joe Hill or MLK, or Lu Xun or Liang Qichao. I guess they are just nagging troublemakers, rather than the best of what you are.
At the same time the new, re-drawn and expanded revised edition of Volume One is out. (( Jing Liu claimed he "fixed some of the problems you pointed out.", and while I doubt I had much influence on what he did, it is nice to think that this is a blog that Gets Results. )) Liu seems to be warming to his task, and in this new world of publish on demand he can re-work his stuff as much as he wants. Here is China surrounded by foes in the introduction to the old Volume 1
And here it is on p.13 of the new version
Not only are the drawings more detailed, they are better in that they convey more. You can loose yourself in the second one in a way you can't in the first version.
Here is the new.
He has also expanded some parts. In the last version I mentioned that this was about as well as you could explain Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism in one page,
but also pointed out that it might be o.k to use more than one page. Here is (part of) the new version.
We also get a bit more history of technology, and also a tendency to have characters leap out of the page to explain things to us.
It is still pretty much the same book, only better.
"To love the country one must first know its history" (( Ok.a better translation of would be "To love the country one must first know the country" History as such is only mentioned in the book title. ))This would look perfect in the hallway of every History Department in the world. We may think that historical study is more than just training in patriotism, but we know that a -lot- of the funding for historical stuff comes from just that. For a reminder of how important history is, and some of its implications you can't beat this. Would you buy a copy?
Maybe Village Children Of South China (1951) is more your style? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgF3QBL2kYk Or Nationalist troops in Nankin in 1927? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ryS5syi5y8 China Fish People (1930)? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ttsgTmqM1sE An opium burning which I think is the one in 1919? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uJ50bne1_WM Not only is all this great content searchable, it is also free! This is the type of thing that convinces me that inventing the internet may not have been a mistake after all. What are your favorites? You can go to the Pathe channel here https://www.youtube.com/user/britishpathe and click on the magnifying glass to search.
The way everyone gushes over Xi in these pictures (and laugh at his jokes) is the most leader-cult thing in the set, and given that Xi is the leader of the great and successful Communist party of China that is to be expected. Hua could be pretty informal and push the leader-worship off on Mao or the Party. Xi has to be both a symbol of Chinese greatness and an ordinary Jiu. It's a hard act to pull off, and it will be interesting to see how well he does at it. God forbid he ever ends up in a picture like this.
Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, I did a class that focused on the Boxers last semester, and one of the things I talked about was Gene Luen Yang's Boxers and Saints.
This is a two volume graphic novel that looks at the Boxer event. Order Zithromax online overnight delivery no prescription, How good is it. Well he has done his research, taking Zithromax. After Zithromax, Cohen's History in Three Keys was our main text and it is in Yang's bibliography, as is Esherick's Origins of the Boxer Uprising, buy generic Zithromax. Where to buy Zithromax, It shows in the text. If you want to show your students pictures of Chinese peasants being flooded out of their homes
Or foreign missionaries being obnoxious
this is your book, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. The main focus of Boxers is Bao, order Zithromax from United States pharmacy, Order Zithromax from mexican pharmacy, who grows from a random peasant boy to a redresser of wrongs who will save China and maybe even get the girl.
Visually I am not sure Yang's style works as well as it could with the subject matter, Zithromax schedule. Zithromax no rx, Early on Bao discovers that his dad is in fact a gongfu hero.
Who apparently studied under Adam West, Zithromax use. Yang has a fairly limited Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, style which does not lend itself to the martial arts, especially given what a lot of other people have done with them in Manga. Online buy Zithromax without a prescription, Yang actually seems more influenced by American animation traditions. ((which is fine, Zithromax duration, Zithromax dangers, of course)) He has two scenes where a gongfu master announces the beginning of the lesson by tossing weapons at the students,
A lot of the themes are pretty American as well, purchase Zithromax. Zithromax dosage, Much of first volume deals with Bao's growing relationship with Mei, a local girl who will eventually becomes the Action Girl leader of the Red Lanterns, Zithromax wiki.
The romance story is hard to square with the Boxers and their misogyny, and Yang is aware of this, but he does not help himself with things like this rom-com montage sequence, were Bao and Mei amuse themselves like American tourists by eating at stalls and wearing peasant hats, just like Chinese people. His style does work well for some things, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. Zithromax online cod, Possession rituals were an important part of Boxer magic, and Yang has done his homework, buy Zithromax from canada. Zithromax coupon, Here is the ritual
And here is a possession.
Bao himself is possessed by Qin Shihuang, Zithromax overnight, Zithromax images, who is not an opera character but can lecture Bao on the importance of saving the China he created.
These possessions are important to Yang since the attraction of the story for him is that the Boxers are like American geeks, Zithromax class, Zithromax trusted pharmacy reviews, living through their superheros. From Yang's website
Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, So where did these poor teenagers look for power. Like modern-day geeks, kjøpe Zithromax på nett, köpa Zithromax online, Buy Zithromax without a prescription, they turned to pop culture. They went to fairs and watched traveling acting troupes perform Chinese opera, Zithromax without a prescription. Zithromax brand name, Chinese opera told epic tales of colorfully-costumed heroes who fought evil with superpowers and magical weapons. The heroes of the Chinese opera were not unlike the heroes of modern American comic books, order Zithromax online c.o.d, Zithromax samples, only instead of capes, flags flapped at their backs, is Zithromax safe.
Like modern-day cosplayers, the teenagers wanted to embody their heroes, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. Zithromax no prescription, They came up with a mystical ritual that would call the heroes of the opera – the gods of the opera, really – down from the heavens, cheap Zithromax no rx. Zithromax pics, The teenagers would be possessed by the gods and take on their superpowers. Then armed with these superpowers, online Zithromax without a prescription, Zithromax street price, they marched through their homeland and into the major cities, battling foreigners.
So the Brothers of the Peach Orchard become the Avengers, cheap Zithromax. Zithromax gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, From Yang's site, some superheros as Chinese opera characters, Zithromax long term.
Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, The middle one is The Hulk. I'm pretty sure that Chinese opera already has a Hulk, and his name is Li Kui,
But you get the idea.
One of the major themes of Boxers is the growing relationship between Bao and Mei and how Bao's commitment to violence splits him off from Mei's commitment to culture. Yang does not to make the story too bloody, perhaps in part because his style is not really up to it.
We do get battles
and Prince Gong drinking tea as Beijing burns
but actual violence tends to take place off-stage.
Mei tries to draw Bao towards the saving grace of China's 5,000 years of culture, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription.
But in the end they split over the issue of burning the Hanlin Academy library to get at the foreigners. Like with modern Americans, book burning is about as bad a thing as you can do.
The real emotional heart of the story comes in Saints.
Here we see some of the scenes from the previous book from a different angle
the center of Saints is Vibena and her conversion to Christianity (( Yang does not see Christianity as a Chinese religion, so she is also renouncing her Chinese-ness )) , which is encouraged by her visions of Joan of Arc.
And picks a person addicted to foreign ((actually almost certainly Chinese opium by this point.)) opium to lead Vibena to the faith, showing a darker side of the foreigners.
In the end, Bao's gods can't save him
and Vibena's can, even after she has died. Yang is a Catholic and her conversion and martyrdom story is one that appeals to him.
A brave man dies only once, but a superhero can die as many times as is convenient for the plot, and Bao is also saved by one of his Sworn Brothers.
Of these themes I think only comradeship is one that would have made much sense to the actual Boxers, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription.
So, what did I think about teaching with this book. I don't think I would use it in a Chinese history class, as it is too much of Yang reading Chinese history for his own purposes. I spend far too much time already trying to encourage students to figure out how Chinese might view their own history rather than asking what Americans can get out of it. This, however, was a course on historical method, using the Boxers as an event that lots of different people have looked at in different ways, and for that it worked pretty well.
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These seem to be weekly cartoons published in something called the National Review (not the same as the current American magazine of the same name Vermox For Sale, ) Needless to say if you are responsible for coming up with a cartoon on Chinese politics every week there will be some weeks when inspiration does not strike or not much seems to be happening, even the the revolutionary year of 1911. Rx free Vermox, Still, many of them are quite good for teaching with or thinking about, Vermox trusted pharmacy reviews. What is Vermox, Here, for instance, Vermox use, Vermox blogs, is a nice one showing the Manchus and Han fighting it out while various foreigners take advantage of the opportunity to grab stuff. One of the standard themes of 1911 is that Chinese elites on all sides wanted to settle the thing quickly to avoid encouraging foreign intervention and this picture, where to buy Vermox, Vermox samples, drawn by a foreigner no less, illustrates this pretty well, buy generic Vermox. Online buying Vermox,
This one is a little trickier. What do the foreigners make of Sun Yat-sen, Vermox For Sale. Is he a Socialist (in a bad sense), Vermox maximum dosage. Buy Vermox no prescription, a dreamer, someone adopting Western ideas to China in an admirable way, effects of Vermox. Purchase Vermox online, I can't really tell from this
This one is good for contrasting foreign and Chinese views of affairs Like a lot of them there is a classical theme, and while that is not too surprising I suspect that one purpose of these is to bring a better knowledge of the Classics to the better sort of Chinese who might be reading this, where can i order Vermox without prescription. Vermox overnight, What might a Chinese reader's reaction to this one be. The daughters of Oceanus are very kind to be bringing New China a Boom in Trade, taking Vermox, Vermox used for, but one would not have to be too nationalist to be a tad suspicious of Loans on Reasonable Terms. I don't think that any Chinese would say that the Sovereign Rights they bear had "gone a-missing." They were indeed gone, fast shipping Vermox, Buy Vermox without prescription, but they had not just wandered off. There might be some Chinese would would say that a Yuan Shi-K'ai presidency as a gift of the foreign powers, buy Vermox without a prescription, Vermox pics, but I doubt Yuan himself would have emphasized that. He certainly would not have called it the "climax of divine generosity"
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Buy Lasix Without Prescription, So I spent some time at the library going through 圖畫日報 Although it is not a paper that lasted long (1909-1910) there is lots of cool stuff here connected to the it's mission of exposing China to the world. No prescription Lasix online,
Chicago is a city of skyscrapers, the ideal city " built of clouds." （白雲砌成） including the 21 story 商務總會, ordering Lasix online, Cheap Lasix no rx, (commercial association building， maybe the Chicago Stock exchange?) a 13 story 婦奴節用會 (Women's holiday meeting place. Could this be Marshall Fields?) and an 11-story 大妓院 (da ji yuan) with 600 rooms, Lasix no prescription. 大妓院 would, I think, mean a brothel, Buy Lasix Without Prescription. Lasix street price, I'm guessing that this is a reference to Palmer House or one of the other big downtown hotels which were, as we all know, Lasix dosage, Buy cheap Lasix no rx, the haunts of "adventuresses" in accounts of the city of sin.
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Buy Diflucan Without Prescription, The second volume of Understanding China Through Comics is out. ((Been out for a while, Diflucan used for, Diflucan samples, actually)) I 'reviewed' the first volume and concluded that Jing Liu is no Larry Gonick, but it's not bad, Diflucan use. Where can i cheapest Diflucan online, My short review of the new volume is that he is still no Larry Gonick, but this volume is even better than the first one, purchase Diflucan for sale, Diflucan online cod, and you should certainly buy it.
The art has many of the same problems as the first volume, purchase Diflucan online, Diflucan description, but is better in general. There are still too many places where what is going on in the story is not represented graphically, Diflucan results. So, the struggle between Shu, Wu and Wei is represented, in part, by three guys getting ready to fight on a map, Buy Diflucan Without Prescription. About Diflucan,
Obviously a lot of history is hard to represent well in pictures, but that’s the whole point of being a cartoonist, Diflucan from mexico, Buy cheap Diflucan no rx, that you are better at this then we are. Although there are some clunkers in here there are also some quite serviceable bits, Diflucan australia, uk, us, usa, Order Diflucan online c.o.d, like this one on corruption.
A better one on the Three Kingdoms, japan, craiglist, ebay, overseas, paypal, Diflucan overnight, showing backstabbing and armies being destroyed
And even some quite good ones, like this on street fighting in Chang-an, buy no prescription Diflucan online, Diflucan wiki, which looks like it might have been inspired by a WWII movie but at least gives you a nice feeling of tension.
This volume deals with the period from the end of the Han to the end of the Tang, real brand Diflucan online, Cheap Diflucan, so basically the Age of Disunion and the Glory of Tang. Buy Diflucan Without Prescription, This is a tricky period to deal with in Western books on China. What happened in the Age of Disunion (other than the introduction of Buddhism) that you want your students to know about, kjøpe Diflucan på nett, köpa Diflucan online. Buying Diflucan online over the counter, What can you say about the Tang other than it was glorious. Obviously there are things you –can- say, buy Diflucan without prescription, Diflucan schedule, but it’s hard to make a good narrative. The modern period is easy to organize: imperialism and revolution, purchase Diflucan. Up to the Han is easy too, Buy Diflucan Without Prescription. Diflucan without prescription, Creating Chinese culture by adding stuff (ancestor worship, Confucianism, Diflucan dosage, Buy Diflucan without prescription, an emperor) until we get to what we already know China is. In both of those periods you already have some people Western readers will know (Mao Zedong, Diflucan schedule, Diflucan samples, Confucius, that guy with the Terra-cotta warriors) and some themes they should be familiar with (nation-building, low dose Diflucan, Diflucan from canadian pharmacy, schools of philosophy). Making something Americans will understand out of the middle bit is harder and sometimes slips into “If it’s Tuesday this must be the Yuan.”
Liu has it easier since he is writing for a Chinese audience who have heard of more things in this period and will have more things they want explained to them, Diflucan wiki. Order Diflucan from United States pharmacy, Thus he can link the eccentric scholars of the early age of disunion to modern China’s culture of alcohol and also to the long Chinese tradition of free thinking and rejecting government service, all things that a Chinese audience would know about (and want to know the historical origins of) but you would have to spend a lot of time explaining to foreigners, order Diflucan no prescription.
Buy Diflucan Without Prescription, Liu is a bit more interested in linking history to the present than I am. Ordering Diflucan online, Thus one of the main takeaways from Zen is that it inspired Steve Jobs. (( And also Empress Wu, where can i buy cheapest Diflucan online, Diflucan steet value, who has a somewhat checkered reputation in Chinese historiography. I wonder what Foxconn workers would think of linking Jobs and Wu, Diflucan recreational. Order Diflucan online overnight delivery no prescription, ))
He also however includes some things that have nothing at all to do with the Chinese present, such as this panel on nepotism.
Or this one, on the dangers of invading foreign lands, Buy Diflucan Without Prescription.
Of course he can play up Chinese pride more than most outside authors would. The might of Tang gets no less than three full pages.
The section on the Three Kingdoms best represents how good this book is. This is something a western book might skip over pretty quickly. Buy Diflucan Without Prescription, Yes, the struggle between the three was a great drama and has inspired lots of stories, but other than some administrative reforms by Cao Cao how does it matter in the long-term development of Chinese civilization. For a Chinese audience of course it matters a lot. How can a History of China not have Zhuge Liang? Liu gives us a clear view of the importance of the story in Chinese culture.
While there is lots of stuff on loyalty, betrayal, and infighting among elites here he does not ignore the social costs of all this warfare on ordinary people or the militarization of Chinese society that resulted.
It’s not that easy to balance a mythical history and a factual history and do them both well, but this section does it. All it all it is a pretty good book, and you should certainly buy it.
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