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5/27/2006

Shades of Mori Arinori

Filed under: — Nick Kapur @ 2:03 am Print
Recently the Japanese Diet has been debating several competing bills to revise the Fundamental Education Law of 1947.  One of the most contested issues is an effort by the LDP to make instilling patriotism an explicit goal of Japan's national education system, as it was under the education system devised by Mori Arinori in the 19th century and in force in Japan up until the US-led education reforms following World War II.  Reportedly, the original language was even stronger, but the LDP-backed bill that finally made it out of committee and onto the Diet floor still contained the relatively strong phrasing by Japanese standards, 我が国と郷土を愛する態度を養う ("to instill an feeling of loving our country and homeland"). Critics of this clause argue that it will promote militarism and inject further tension into already heated Japan-China and Japan-Korea relations, but the LDP-backed bill seems likely to pass largely as is within the next week or so. In related news, it was reported this week that many Japanese schools are grading students on "love of country".  A recent survey in Saitama prefecture found that at least 45 local schools evaluated "love of country" on report cards for 6th-grade students. Under current policy, individual schools are free to decide how report cards are structured and which categories are graded. Officials have argued that the practice is not objectionable because "instilling a feeling of love for one's country" has already been one of the Ministry of Education's stated objectives for 6th-grade social studies students for some time.

One Response to “Shades of Mori Arinori”

  1. I assume you saw this report on the issues. The extent to which these rules are being enforced is quite striking, and reinforces something I noted in my dissertation: the attempt to create de facto law by putting teeth into “encouragements.”

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