I have been thinking about the usage of “dou” (道） within japanese arts and sports. Since Meiji-period is not one of my strong points, you might know why they use it. It all started when I was looking into bushido and found out that bushido was not used until early edo period and that it was most probably used to de-militarize the samurai. Today, many “traditional” (no clear definition) sports and arts use “the way of” (dou) in their names but as far as I have found this is something that was created during Meiji-period or after.
Words like Kendo, Judo, Aikido are made during Meiji period or thereafter. From what I have understood the Korean martial arts taekwondo, hapkido (spelling might be wrong) use the “way” as well but this is derived from the japanese usage/fashion. The chinese do not use the word 道 in their names of martial arts.
Other than the martial arts the cultural arts have recieved the “way” in their names, chadou (way of tea), kadou (way of flower), shodou (way of writing) etc.
From what I have read, the usage of dou started when the japanese wanted to counter the influence from west in Meiji-period and infuse/perserve their own traditions and values. As far as I can see only Bushido and Shinto use “way” before the meiji-period. Is it from this that they started to use “way” or is its origin to be found elsewhere. I have never heard “sumoudou” (way of sumo), have any of you? If not, why did not sumo change into the same “fashion” as all other arts and sports? Do any of you know any other “dou” which have been created before meiji-period?